An appealing, healthy smile can only be maintained by proper general dental care. Your oral health depends on consistent brushing and flossing of teeth and regular checkups and professional cleanings. When complete oral hygiene is not sustained, unpleasant things begin to happen to your mouth. Besides the obvious factor of tooth decay, improper or neglected cleaning of your teeth can lead to periodontitis.

Everyone’s mouth is full of a variety of bacteria. Proper oral care keeps the bad germs from causing problems. When that is not the case, they continue to grow and proliferate to alarming numbers, eventually causing serious damage. Plaque begins to build up on the teeth. This mixture of food debris, bacteria and mucous hardens after a while creating tartar. As the tartar accumulates, it causes gums to swell as it pushes between the teeth and gums. Pockets start forming where more food debris collects, providing a ripe environment for tooth decay as well as gingivitis. The gums may also grow red and bleed. If there is no intervention, periodontitis develops and can compromise the bone connective tissues and gums around the teeth. Eventually the teeth will become loose.

Treatment for Periodontitis

The good news is that periodontits can be reversed when treatment begins early. Initial treatment includes a thorough cleaning to remove the tartar. This is a nonsurgical procedure done with special instruments. It is also known as scaling and root planing. When this is done, the gums will begin to heal and the pockets around the teeth will begin to shrink. If you are experiencing pain or if there is a risk of infection, your dentist may prescribe medication. This could be a pill taken orally, a special mouth rinse or a substance that is placed directly in the pockets around the teeth after the deep cleaning is completed. A follow up visit will determine how well the affected areas are healing and what steps, if any, are to be taken next.

Deep Cleaning, Scaling and Root Planing

In order to remove the hardened tartar from the teeth and their roots, special instruments are used. Once the bulk of the tartar is removed, finer instruments are implemented to completely clean all the plaque and other debris from the area. Root planing smooths the roots of the teeth.

If you have any of the symptoms of periodontal disease, please contact Hudson Oaks Family Dentistry today to schedule a consultation. We want to help our patients create the smile they deserve while maintaining or improving their overall oral health.