Many people do not realize how serious gum disease can be. What begins as a simple unsightly condition can turn into a serious health problem if not treated with general dental care sevices. Gum disease or periodontal disease occurs when bacteria in the mouth is allowed to accumulate to unhealthy levels. Everyone has bacteria in their mouth. Normally good oral hygiene will keep most of those germs from causing any problems. Gum disease is usually caused by poor or improper oral hygiene. Particles of food along with mucous and bacteria form a plaque that sticks to the teeth. As this plaque builds up it becomes hard. This hardened substance is called tartar. At this stage, only a professional cleaning will get the teeth clean and smooth again.
The hygienist uses special dental instrument to clean the tartar from above and below the gum line. Measurements are taken around each tooth to determine how deep the pockets have formed between the gums and teeth. Next, an assessment is made as to what the next steps will be. Deep cleaning along with scaling and root planing remove all tartar leaving teeth smooth and clean again. If the gum disease has not advanced too far this may be the only treatment you need. Your dentist will advise you if more extensive measures need to be taken.
Symptoms and Causes of Gum Disease
Healthy gums are usually pink around the edges next to the teeth. When gingivitis or gum disease sets in the gums begin to swell and they may turn red. Oftentimes, they will also begin to bleed during brushing. If left untreated, gingivitis, which is reversible with early intervention, will turn into periodontitis. The inflammation surrounding the teeth leads to the formation of pockets as the inflamed gums pull away from the teeth. These pockets allow for more food debris to collect producing still more bacteria. The body’s immune system tries to fight off the infection while toxins from the bacteria build up. In the meantime, bone and connective tissues around the teeth begin to be degraded. Without intervention, eventually the teeth will loosen and be lost. Proper oral hygiene can prevent this from happening.
Contact our office today to schedule a consultation about the potential of gum disease or periodontal disease. Professional dental care can help stop the cycle of periodontitis before it gets out of hand.